Natural Resources

Cultivating Peace: Conflict and Collaboration in Natural by Daniel Buckles

By Daniel Buckles

Clash over traditional assets – similar to land, water and forests – has for a while been common. even if or not it's an area dispute among neighboring farmers or a global debate over shared assets (such as waterways), humans in all places compete for the usual assets they should be sure or increase their caliber of lifestyles. The clash could spread as an easy confrontation, or it will possibly amplify to armed war of words with death. Cultivating Peace offers unique case reports from Africa, Asia and Latin the US, which describe very important adventure on relocating from clash to collaborative modes of administration. The accompanying essays draw at the case reviews, grounding thought in hard-won adventure.

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Additional resources for Cultivating Peace: Conflict and Collaboration in Natural Resource Management (2000)

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This volume), where the conservation agenda of provincial, regional, and national agencies in Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, conflict with the development goals of local governments and the Livestock Division of Agriculture Service. Similar stories are legion. Institute: Okay, peace may be at odds with other legitimate goals of CBNRM, but isn't it safe to say that CBNRM cannot be achieved in situations of chaos and war? Anthropologist: Yes and no. The point you make requires some qualification. It may be that the use of force or the threat of force is at times the best way to go if lasting peace is to be secured.

Structurally adjusting governments may opt to transfer natural resource rights and responsibilities over fully autonomous communities but without transferring anything else — no financial resources; no credit or marketing assistance; no technical support; and no protective legislation against local merchants, landowners, lumber bosses, multinational pulp and paper companies, the oil industry, or commercial farmers. If so, autonomy and decentralization add up to pure rhetoric. CBNRM is doomed to failure if there is no real sharing of costs and benefits between micro- and macrolevels, as Uphoff (1998) suggests.

Anthropologist: Yes, and the implications are many. For one thing it means community traditions are never simple; nor are they static. Social transformations over the last two centuries are particularly significant in this regard. In Indonesia, the implementation of government policies and the growth of national bureaucracies have severely affected the authority of tribal councils and microleadership structures. Nowadays, the government appoints village administrators, imposes laws and procedures, runs an educational system of its own design, and facilitates the expansion of markets and migratory movements.

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