Logic

Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing: A Brief Guide to by Sylvan Barnet, Hugo Bedau

By Sylvan Barnet, Hugo Bedau

Critical considering, interpreting, and Writing is a compact yet whole consultant to serious pondering and argumentation. Comprising the textual content element of the generally followed Current concerns and Enduring Questions, it attracts at the authors’ twin services in potent persuasive writing and complete rhetorical thoughts to assist scholars movement from severe considering to argumentative and researched writing. With accomplished assurance of vintage and modern techniques to argument, together with Aristotle, Toulmin, and a number of replacement perspectives, in addition to 35 readings and a casebook at the country and the person, it really is a very flexible textual content. This reasonable consultant can stand by myself or complement a bigger anthology of readings.

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Why value something unless it is worthy of being valued? It is difficult, though, to get a grip on ‘for its own sake’ when applied to a species. If we do something for an individual jerboa’s sake, we have some idea of how we are acting in its best interests, how its life may go well. We know that it needs food and shelter. But it is far from clear that a species, as opposed to particular individuals, has an interest. It is far from clear how things go well for the species, from the species’ viewpoint.

Might it unintentionally cause some harm? If so, can we weigh the potential harm against the potential good? Suppose you had been a member of the West Virginia state legislature in 1989: How would you have voted? In thinking critically about a topic, we try to see it from all sides before we come to our conclusion. We conduct an argument with ourselves, advancing and then questioning opinions: • What can be said for the proposition, and • What can be said against it? ” But critical thinking requires us to reflect further, trying to support our position and also trying to see the other side.

Nature ensures the extinction of vast numbers of species — and it may be in our human nature, quite whatever that means, to destroy species, just as it is to tame parts of nature. The rural landscapes of fields, crops, and national parks would be non-existent, but for human interferences — as would be spectacular bridges, sculptures, and architecturally stunning galleries. 5 28 1 / CRITICAL THINKING Perhaps we should simply recognize that we value the presence of a variety of species. We value that presence independently of our purposes and independently of any value for us.

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