Philosophy Social Aspects

Critical Perspectives on Activity: Explorations Across by Peter Sawchuk, Newton Duarte, Mohamed Elhammoumi

By Peter Sawchuk, Newton Duarte, Mohamed Elhammoumi

The final 20 years have obvious a global explosion of curiosity in theories of brain, tradition, and job. This publication contains a diversified array of theoretical views from overseas students within the fields of schooling, psychology, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, communications, commercial kinfolk, and company reports. damaged into 3 major sections (education, paintings, and way of life) every one bankruptcy emerges from an research of perform and studying as social cultural participation and historic swap when it comes to the concept that of task, contradiction, and fight.

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Additional info for Critical Perspectives on Activity: Explorations Across Education, Work, and Everyday Life

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All of psychology must be subsumed under the understanding of this motion. Put another way: alienation and de-alienation. This is what I am trying to get at in the idea of the contradiction between abstract and concrete activity as the fundamental ontological issue and its negation as the basic fact in a new ontology. Unfortunately, this is a grand conception, and I haven’t made much progress myself in elaborating it. conclusion As I said, I am particularly interested in the possible emergence of temporal conceptions to replace spatial ones.

When you look at it, you can see the time dimension as fundamental. For Marx, abstract labor is defined as the time creating value, whereas concrete labor is the time creating use-value. But are these different periods of time performed by the same person? Or is it an ontological relation that is more fundamental than the individual, a relation of the “essence” to temporality, within which individuality is formed? How to conceptualize this? Labor as such is an abstraction conception, concretely; it comes into real being only in divided form.

Here Duarte presents observations on the studies he has carried out over the last decade and a half. The focus of this chapter is on the relations between three theoretical approaches. The first one is historical and philosophical anthropology in the Marxist tradition. This chapter deals with two key dialectical relations: the relationships between humanisation and alienation on the one hand and the relation between objectification and appropriation on the other. The second theoretical approach, represented in Leont’ev’s collective works, concerns theories of activity that incorporate Marx’s anthropology and develop the analysis of the relations between the structure of activity and the structure of consciousness.

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