Pediatrics

Clinical Behavior Therapy with Children by Thomas H. Ollendick

By Thomas H. Ollendick

As famous by way of its identify, the focal point of this publication is founded on an exam of habit remedy with young children in scientific settings. all through, our objective has been to check theoretical underpinnings, assessment empirical study, and illustrate scientific software for quite a few behavioral proce­ dures with kids. In pursuing this aim, now we have defined baby habit remedy as an procedure according to empirical method, de­ rived from behavioral ideas, and concentrated upon adjustment disor­ ders of youngsters. The hallmark of such an strategy is its responsibility­ the level to which the tactics and methods awarded during this textual content are demonstrably dependable has to be made up our minds at the least in part via the reader. As scholars of kid habit, we've got turn into sensitized to 2 developments in habit treatment with little ones through the instruction of this ebook. First, we've been interested by the straightforward software of behavioral methods to teenagers, without reference to developmental con­ siderations. All too often, overview recommendations and remedy seasoned­ cedures discovered to be valuable with adults were utilized to kids in an indiscriminate type. for instance, a few fresh reviews have tested and assessed the exact same social ability deficits in young ones as in adults (e. g. , loss of eye touch, behind schedule latency of reaction, and lack of optimistic commendatory responses). definitely, ability deficits vary from age to age simply as they range from scenario to situation.

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They caution that investigators intending to obtain subjects' recall of years ago-or only yesterday-would do well to reflect on the perspectives of their informants. Many of the respondents ... have been indoctrinated in theories of development and behavior. The interviewee knows what is believed to be "good" in behavior and what are accepted as antecedents and consequences in behavior relations. This knowledge can enter into his observing, retaining and reporting on behaviors. (p. 72) Similar observations were noted by L.

There are at least two distinct issues involved: (1) the reliability and validity of interview behavior, and (2) the reliability and validity of self-report and other-report information obtained during the interview. Regarding interview behavior, there is little doubt that observed parental, sibling, and child behaviors are influenced by the novelty of the interview situation and the probable stress associated with it. On the one hand, interview behavior may be disorganized and confused; on the other hand, it may be overcontrolled and orderly because of a desire to present a "good" picture of the family.

Traditional Standardized Instruments Following the initial interview and initial clarification of presenting complaints through checklist and rating forms, the child is administered select standardized tests. The specific tests to be administered depend upon the nature of the presenting complaints and unanswered questions that remain following the interview and completion of the forms. Most BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT 41 frequently, assessment of intellectual functioning, developmental level, and academic achievement is undertaken at this stage.

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