Environmental Studies

Chemical Ecology: The Chemistry of Biotic Interaction by for the National Academy of Sciences, Jerrold Meinwald,

By for the National Academy of Sciences, Jerrold Meinwald, Thomas Eisner

Chemical indications between organisms shape "a huge communicative interaction, basic to the cloth of life," within the phrases of 1 specialist. Chemical ecology is the self-discipline that seeks to appreciate those interactions - to take advantage of biology within the look for new components of capability profit to humankind. This e-book highlights chosen examine parts of medicinal and agricultural value. top specialists overview the chemistry of: insect protection and its purposes to pest regulate; phyletic dominance - the survival luck of bugs; social rules, with ant societies as a version of multicomponent signalling platforms; eavesdropping, alarm, and deceit - the array of suggestions utilized by bugs to discover and entice prey; replica - from the gamete allure to courtship and sexual choice; and the chemistry of intracellular immunosuppression. themes additionally comprise the appropriation of nutritional components for protection and conversation; using chemical signs within the marine setting; the position of the olfactory procedure in chemical research; and the interplay of polydnaviruses, endoparasites, and the immune process of the host.

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Blankespoor, C. , Eisner, T. & Meinwald, J. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90, 5204-5208. 28. Attygalle, A. , Blankespoor, C. , Eisner, T. & Meinwald, J. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 12790-12793. 29. McCormick, K. D. & Meinwald, J. (1993) J. Chem. Ecol. 19, 2411-2451. 30. , Fischer, J. , Knapp, A. , Reddy, N. , McCormick, K. , Meinwald, J. & Goldin, S. M. (1992) Soc. Neurosci. Abstr. 18, 10. 31. McCormick, K. , Goldin, S. , Reddy, N. L. & Meinwald, J. (1993) Tetrahedron 49, 11155-11168.

Histrionicotoxins represent another major class of dendrobatid alkaloids. They contain a unique spiropiperidine ring system and side chains with acetylenic, olefinic, and allenic groups. Histrionicotoxins remain known in nature only from dendrobatid frogs of the general PhyUobates, Dendrobates, and Epipedobates. They are probably absent in the tiny dendrobatid frogs of the genus Minyobates. Histrionicotoxins were detected in a single Madagascan frog of the mantellid genus Mantella (27) 241 John W.

26. Attygalle, A. , McCormick, K. D. & Meinwald, J. (1993) Tetrahedron 49, 9333-9342. 27. Attygalle, A. , McCormick, K. , Blankespoor, C. , Eisner, T. & Meinwald, J. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90, 5204-5208. 28. Attygalle, A. , Blankespoor, C. , Eisner, T. & Meinwald, J. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 12790-12793. 29. McCormick, K. D. & Meinwald, J. (1993) J. Chem. Ecol. 19, 2411-2451. 30. , Fischer, J. , Knapp, A. , Reddy, N. , McCormick, K. , Meinwald, J. & Goldin, S. M. (1992) Soc.

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