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Cars and Carbon: Automobiles and European Climate Policy in by Theodoros I. Zachariadis (auth.), Theodoros I. Zachariadis

By Theodoros I. Zachariadis (auth.), Theodoros I. Zachariadis (eds.)

This quantity comprises articles from best analysts and researchers on sustainable transportation, who supply serious reflections on how automobile-related weather guidelines have advanced in past times in Europe and worldwide, in view of the generally famous have to considerably shrink international emissions of greenhouse gases within the coming a long time. Authors describe the guidelines which were optimum, define their financial and social implications, current good fortune tales whereas significantly reviewing much less profitable examples, and recommend options to decarbonize passenger transportation on a world scale.

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Extra info for Cars and Carbon: Automobiles and European Climate Policy in a Global Context

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The first railway stations were built outside the old towns. This improved accessibility and generated urban development in the zone around the station. As a consequence of this development most central stations are now located within the city, just outside the old town centre. This process was repeated almost a century later when ring motorways were built. These improved the accessibility of the then outskirts of cities and stimulated the development of new sub centers, because these were more accessible for cars than the old centre.

When taking a closer look at congestion, it is necessary to distinguish between the time loss caused by traffic jams and the unpredictability of the trip time. The variable journey time caused by congestion seems to be a greater nuisance than the average time loss itself. If we know that a certain trip always takes, say, 10 min longer during rush hour than during quiet hours, we can adapt our travel behavior. But we cannot anticipate unexpected delays and these are the main reason for complaints about congestion.

Another major consequence of the described interaction between urbanization and transport is that it is nearly impossible to solve congestion in metropolitan areas. Building new urban roads will in the short run reduce congestion and increase car speeds. In the longer run, however, this will generate both longer trip distances and a higher urban density. The longer distances follow from higher speed combined with the thesis of constant travel time, and the additional urban growth results from the improved accessibility, as discussed in the previous section.

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