Logic

Cabal Seminar, 81-85: Proceedings of the Caltech-UCLA Logic by Alexander S. Kechris, Donald A. Martin, John R. Steel

By Alexander S. Kechris, Donald A. Martin, John R. Steel

This is often the fourth quantity of the continuing of the Caltech-UCLA common sense Seminar, established normally on fabric which was once awarded and mentioned within the interval 1981-85, yet containing additionally a few very fresh effects. It comprises study papers facing determinacy hypotheses and their outcomes in descriptive set thought. An appendix comprises the hot Victoria Delfino difficulties.

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Extra resources for Cabal Seminar, 81-85: Proceedings of the Caltech-UCLA Logic Seminar, 1981-85

Example text

This also applies to ‘I believe’. Which exceptions are there to its parenthetical use? Let us call the non-parenthetical use of ‘I believe that’ the reported use: the speaker is reporting that he is in a specific state of mind. He reports how he has something ‘in his mind’. When exactly do we speak of reported use? The ‘I believe that’ assertion is reported if at least one of the following three conditions is met: (1) the assertion is a response to a question of the listener about the state of mind of the speaker; (2) the assertion is the (affirmative, negative or corrective) response to the listener’s attributing a state of mind to the speaker; or (3) the assertion is a response to doubt or a denial with regard to the reality of the state of mind the speaker implicated in a previously performed assertion to be in under the sincerity condition of that assertion.

Many citizens of Amsterdam used their last free day before the referendum about the new IJburg district to size up the situation. Many strollers are still unsure about the standpoint they are going to take on Wednesday. ‘Before I vote, I want to see what the area looks like,’ says Ethel ten Brink. ‘I was against the plan, but now that I see this I’m beginning to have doubts about what I have to do’. [. ] Her friend Wim Vermeer is confident, ‘I’m still against the plan. I think building flats above the motorway is a better plan.

So, this type of expressions signifies a standpoint as well. Contrary to ‘I find that’, the force modifying ‘in my view’ (like many of these adjuncts) can only be used parenthetically. Even an accusation of insincerity cannot be parried by means of ‘in my view’, unless the speaker at the same time asserts what is, in his view, the case: (34) T1: Is it really true, in your view, that it did Hank some good that he got away from it all for a while, or are you just saying that? T2: No, in my view, it is really true.

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