Russia

Bolshevik culture: Experiment and order in the Russian by Abbott Gleason

By Abbott Gleason

In the tumultuous years after the revolution of 1917, the normal cutlure of Imperial Russia was once either destroyed and preserved, as a brand new Soviet tradition started to take form. This ebook specializes in the interplay among the rising political and cultural rules of the Soviet regime and the deeply held conventional values of the employee and peasant masses.

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125 on Sun Dec 23 06:04:06 WET 2012. 104 However, it is also true that Uniate and Orthodox have frequently been in conflict and that the division between the two creates an awkward fissure in Ukrainian national identity. Tentative attempts at reconciliation between the two Churches have come to naught. 108 In contrast to Russophile historians' depiction of Russia's western wars in the three centuries before 1795 as wars to liberate the Orthodox from Catholic oppression, Belarusophile historians have argued that they were in fact wars against the Belarusian people, defending their traditional liberties against the alien Muscovite autocracy.

In this regard, language often becomes an important symbol of national identity even when its actual distance to the language of the 'colonial other' is not great. Thus, in terms of etymology, syntax and pronunciation, the distance between Russian and Ukrainian or between Romanian and Moldovan is limited compared to the distance between Estonian and Russian, or Georgian and Abkhaz. In feeling some unease about their linguistic similarities, some nationalising elites call for the privileging of those variants of vocabulary and syntax whose distance from the language of the colonial other (Russian for the borderland nations or Romanian for Moldovans) is deemed the greater.

Moreover, Russia is characterised as an inherently despotic and expansionist imperial state, in contrast to the strong democratic (and demotic) traditions long nurtured in Ukraine and Belarus. Muscovy/Russia has therefore been forced to use Belarus and Ukraine as a 'bridge to Europe'. 92 The 'Tatar Yoke' therefore served only to widen a cultural gap that was already in existence. 125 on Sun Dec 23 06:04:06 WET 2012. 93 The 'Europeanness' of Ukraine and Belarus was reinforced by their long struggle with the East, whereas Moscow was forced to ape its invaders.

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