Environmental Studies

Bioremediation and Bioeconomy by Prasad, Majeti Narasimha Vara

By Prasad, Majeti Narasimha Vara

Bioremediation and Bioeconomy presents a typical platform for scientists from quite a few backgrounds to discover sustainable suggestions to environmental matters, together with the ever-growing loss of water assets that are lower than sizeable strain as a result of land degradation, toxins, inhabitants explosion, urbanization, and worldwide fiscal improvement.

In addition, quite a lot of poisonous waste were dispersed in hundreds of thousands of infected websites and bioremediation is rising as a useful instrument for environmental clean-up.

The ebook addresses those problem by way of providing cutting edge and low-cost ideas to decontaminate polluted environments, together with utilization of infected land and waste water for bioproducts comparable to ordinary fibers, biocomposites, and fuels to spice up the financial system.

Users will discover a consultant that is helping scientists from a variety of backgrounds locate sustainable ideas to those environmental concerns as they tackle the topical concerns an important for knowing new and cutting edge ways for sustainable development.

  • Provides a compilation of latest details on phytoremediation now not present in different books within the current market
  • The first publication to hyperlink phytoremediation and the bioeconomy
  • Includes thoughts to make use of infected soils for generating bioresources and co-generation of price chain and price additions products

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However, because of low biomass these plants are not frequently used by the phytologists for remediation of contaminated sites. Aromatic plants and grasses are gaining importance in remediation because of their luxuriant biomass and metal tolerance capacity under stress conditions. Aromatic plants such as vetiver grass, lemongrass, tulsi, palmarosa, citronella, and geranium mint are ecologically feasible and viable and are widely used aromatic and medicinal plants. Of these, vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides) and lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) 3 ­ VETIVER AND LEMON GRASS 31 Table 2 Plants and Grasses with Level of Metal Tolerance, Stress Tolerance, Medicinal Property, and Energy Production Plant/Grass Metal Tolerance Stress Tolerance Medicinal Property Energy Production Vetiver Lemon Tulsi Stylo ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓ ✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓ ✓ ✓✓ ✓ ✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓ ✓ ✓✓ ✓: Low; ✓✓: medium; ✓✓✓: high.

242-243. , 2008. Biodiesel fuel for agricultural machinery. TEKA Kom. Mot. Energ. —OL PAN 8, 283–286. , 2009. Production of biodiesel fuel for self-propelled agricultural machinery. TEKA Kom. Mot. Energ. —OL PAN 2009 (9), 352–356. , 2000. Current approaches to the revegetation and reclamation of metalliferous mine wastes. Chemosphere 41 (1, 2), 219–228. , 1998. The priority aspects of problems of medical ecology in Ukraine. Mod. Probl. Toxicol. 1, 5–8. , 2004. The effect of EDTA and citric acid on phytoremediation of Cd, Cr, and Ni from soil using Helianthus annuus.

For cleanup of contaminated soils, it will be better to use the part of this harvest on biodiesel production during one year. From the economic side this can be profitable also. At the same time it will be possible to clean up the most contaminated soils on the territory of Ukraine. But after a biogeochemical cycle, heavy metal will again appear in the environment. For full cleanup of soil by plants it is better to use the electrolysis method (placing the harvest in an oxide solution and using electrical power to gather metal under solid form).

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