Natural Resources

Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and by Paul Gepts, Thomas R. Famula, Robert L. Bettinger, Stephen

By Paul Gepts, Thomas R. Famula, Robert L. Bettinger, Stephen B. Brush, Ardeshir B. Damania, Patrick E. McGuire, Calvin O. Qualset

The creation of plant and animal agriculture represents probably the most vital milestones in human evolution. It contributed to the improvement of towns, alphabets, new applied sciences, and eventually to civilizations, however it has additionally awarded a risk to either human healthiness and the surroundings. Bringing jointly study from a number of fields together with anthropology, archaeology, ecology, economics, entomology, ethnobiology, genetics and geography, this ebook addresses key questions in terms of agriculture. Why did agriculture enhance and the place did it originate? What are the styles of domestication for crops and animals? How did agroecosystems originate and unfold from their destinations of foundation? Exploring the cultural features of the advance of agricultural ecosystems, the e-book additionally highlights how those issues could be utilized to our figuring out of latest agriculture, its long term sustainability, the co-existence of agriculture and the surroundings, and the advance of latest vegetation and kinds.

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Extra info for Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and Sustainability

Sample text

Perhaps the next most promising group to analyze in the way that Blumler analyzed wild cereals would be wild pulses, or annual legumes. They are nearly equal to cereals in their human importance, because of their high protein content. Among the many pulse species that were domesticated were peas, lentils, chickpeas, soybeans, American Phaseolus beans, faba beans, groundnuts, grams, and others. What we need, modeled on Blumler’s study of wild cereals, is a survey of the world’s wild pulse species with the largest seeds and perhaps other characteristics useful for domestication, such as self-pollination.

You may immediately protest: but captive bison are ranched extensively in North America, and ranched bison meat is widely available now in American supermarkets. In reality, modern ranched bison are still really fenced animals unmodified or little modified from wild bison, except for some hybridization with cattle. In fact, there are two species of bison, one in North America and the other in Europe, and neither has been domesticated despite all the experience of North American and The Local Origins of Domestication 15 European cattlemen in raising cattle which are closely related to bison.

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