Great Britain

Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce by David Cornell

By David Cornell

Few battles resonate via British historical past as strongly as Bannockburn. On June 24, 1314, the Scots less than the management of Robert the Bruce without notice trounced the English, leaving hundreds of thousands useless or wounded. The victory used to be one in all Scotland’s maximum, the extra so as the Scottish military used to be outnumbered by way of approximately 3 to at least one. The loss to the English, scuffling with lower than Edward II, used to be staggering.

 

In this groundbreaking account of Bannockburn, David Cornell units the enduring conflict in political and army context and focuses new realization at the roles of Robert and Edward within the occasions resulting in the accumulation in their armies. the writer brings the two-day conflict to existence and reassesses either the the most important mêlée fought at the moment day and the casualties suffered by means of the English. full of colourful aspect and clean insights, the ebook throws new gentle at the conflict itself, the nature of the English defeat, the impact of that defeat at the process the Anglo-Scottish wars, and the robust effect of the battle’s legacy on English and Scottish nationwide identity.

 

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Additional resources for Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce

Sample text

Robert the Competitor anchored his claim on the rule of proximity, in that he was a generation closer to David than Balliol was, Robert’s mother being a daughter of David whereas it was Balliol’s grandmother who was another daughter of David. Primogeniture was far from being the sacrosanct rule of succession, but traditionally it bore much greater weight than that of proximity. The Great Cause was undoubtedly an impartial legal contest, and during it the rule of primogeniture eventually prevailed.

Of the nine appellants, three were English subjects, and the evidence strongly suggests that they were encouraged by Edward himself to submit their appeals. Despite his reputation as a great lawgiver, Edward never hesitated to manipulate the law if it suited his own interests. Relentless in his demands, Edward finally forced Balliol to attend an English parliament later that year. The disdain with which Balliol was treated must have come as a terrible shock to the new king. He was held in contempt of court for his previous refusal to attend.

Only one direct heir to the Crown of Scotland existed. Margaret, popularly known as the Maid of Norway, was Alexander’s granddaughter. Worryingly, she was also a threeyear-old child who was notoriously frail and prone to ill-health. The lurking nightmare that haunted medieval kingdoms now crept upon Scotland with alarming reality: the succession of a young child and the minority government this entailed. It is a tribute to the Scottish kingdom’s outward display of unity that the government which was now formed remained firmly committed to preserving the interests of the Crown.

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