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Bannockburn: The Scottish Wars and the British Isles by Michael Brown

By Michael Brown

The conflict of Bannockburn, fought at the fields south of Stirling at midsummer 1314, is the simplest recognized occasion within the background of Medieval Scotland. It used to be a different occasion. The conflict of 2 armies, every one led by means of a king, a transparent problem to a conflict to figure out the prestige of Scotland and its survival as a separate realm. As a key aspect within the Anglo-Scottish wars of the fourteenth century, the conflict has been broadly mentioned, yet Bannockburn used to be additionally a pivotal occasion within the historical past of the British Isles. This e-book analyses the line to Bannockburn, the crusade of 1314 and the aftermath of the struggle. It demonstrates that during either its context and legacy the conflict had a crucial value within the shaping of countries and identities within the overdue Medieval British Isles.

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Extra resources for Bannockburn: The Scottish Wars and the British Isles (1307-1323)

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In December 1307, while his king was struggling in Moray, James Douglas remained active in the south. 53 From this refuge Douglas could lead forays into Clydesdale, the lower Tweed valley and even England. 54 Randolph, who had supported his uncle, King Robert, in 1306, would soon renew his support for the Bruce Cause, rapidly taking up a leading role. Douglas was also harnessed to the renewal of major fighting in the south-west. Immediately after the defeat of Buchan and Mowbray, Edward Bruce was sent south by his brother.

We should lose the country and those who remain faithful to us by our default and negligence’. 88 More summons for cavalry and foot followed through July and early August which specified Berwick as the muster point. However, when the king reached Berwick in midSeptember it was clear that the results of his recruiting efforts were disappointing. In particular, most of the earls stayed away. Lancaster, Hereford and Valence, who had major Scottish interests, refused to come in person, sending small contingents instead.

20 Edward I reacted to the reports of his men by summoning an army to undertake a full-scale campaign in the south-west. The muster was scheduled for 8 July but on the previous day the old king died. 21 It was not, however, unexpected and preparations for his planned expedition continued. The new king, Edward of Caernarfon, arrived at Carlisle from the south to take up his duties as king of England. In early August Edward II led north an impressive army which contained seven English earls, among them his cousin, Thomas of Lancaster, Aymer Valence and Humphrey earl of Hereford, and Scottish lords like the earls of Buchan and Dunbar.

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