Psychology

Aspects of Rationality: Reflections on What It Means To Be by Raymond S. Nickerson

By Raymond S. Nickerson

What does it suggest to be rational – to cause good and successfully? How does rationality, widely conceived, relate to the information one acquires, the ideals one varieties, the reasons one constructs or appropriates, the judgments and judgements one makes, the values one adopts? what's the personality of human reasoning and, particularly, does it are usually rational?

Much has been written approximately human rationality – or lack thereof. lately, a few writers have targeted awareness on the numerous ways that humans look to not be rational, a minimum of if being rational is taken to intend continually pondering or behaving based on a few normative commonplace. Others have argued that, if human reasoning is as mistaken as this paintings indicates, it's a ask yourself that we, as a species, are round to note the fact.

This e-book examines a lot of the experimental examine on reasoning because it pertains to quite a few conceptions of rationality, now not constrained to conformity of suggestion and behaviour or to the dictates of 1 or one other normative process. The dialogue specializes in particular subject matters that symbolize crucial facets of any appropriately inclusive notion of rationality: intelligence and information; ideals; pursuits, values and have an effect on; causes; judgment and selection; realizing and wisdom.

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Extra info for Aspects of Rationality: Reflections on What It Means To Be Rational and Whether We Are

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One might argue that to be qualified to determine the canons of rationality means to have been trained in the appropriate disciplines. But here again there arises the question of who decides what the appropriate disciplines are and what their content should be. What seems to have happened, in fact, is that some individuals who call themselves logicians or epistemologists claim to have the necessary qualifications and have assumed the role of standard setters. And they are quite good at defending their qualifications and arguing the merits of the standards they set, using of course the rules of argument that they themselves have deemed to be appropriate.

1781).

Here is how MacIntyre describes the situation within philosophy: “Modern academic philosophy turns out by and large to provide means for a more accurate and informed defi nition of disagreement rather than for progress toward its resolution. indd 42 8/29/2007 11:11:49 AM 43 The Search for Standards of Rationality irremediably upon how such questions are to be answered as anyone else” (p. 3). Some writers have argued that investigators of human reasoning, especially those who have been most productive in amassing evidence of human irrationality, have often been insufficiently sensitive to the role that their own conception of rationality plays in their interpretation of their fi ndings and of the fact that other conceptions may be possible (Cohen, 1979, 1981, 1982; Gigerenzer, 1991a; Gigerenzer & Murray, 1987).

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