Environmental Engineering

Aquatic Bioenvironmental Studies: The Hanford Experience by C.D. Becker

By C.D. Becker

From 1944-1971, the Hanford achieve of the Colombia River in Washington nation bought amounts of radioisotopes, warmth and chemical compounds from as much as eight plutonium reactors. consequently, from 1971-1984 an identical a part of the river supplied cooling water for three power-production facilities.

Environmental matters promoted a sequence of constant stories to check numerous strength antagonistic results. No major impairment of the rivers atmosphere was once detected.

This publication reports those stories and areas them in a historic framework.

It offers a special assessment of stories revamped a 40-year interval that are now scattered via quite a few released and unpublished documents.

It may be of curiosity to all these excited about aquatic ecology and environmental concerns.

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Extra info for Aquatic Bioenvironmental Studies: The Hanford Experience 1944-84

Sample text

To the ground was a planned practice for which the semiarid climate, unconsolidated surface soils, and slow groundwater movement beneath the Hanford Site were well suited. As the radionuclides and chemicals penetrated the ground, their concentrations were reduced by ion exchange on soil, dispersion, radioactive decay, and other physicochemical phenomena (Brown and Isaacson 1977; Robertson et al. 1983). Radionuclides that reached groundwater were diluted and further decayed as they moved slowly towards the Columbia River.

C. 1985. Manhattan: The Army and the Atomic Bomb. Special Studies, United States Army in World War ZI. S. C. M. Allen. 1984. Results of the Separations Area Ground-Water Monitoring Network for 1983. RHO-RE-SR-81-24 P, Rockwell Hanford Operations, Richland, Washington. J. S. Argo. 1985. Hanford Wells. PNL-5397, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington. V. Carlile. 1984. Investigation of Ground-waterSeepage from the Hanford Shoreline of the Columbia River. PNL-5289, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington.

The presence of such contaminants is difficult or impossible to detect downriver after dilution in river water. E. Isaacson. 1977. The Hanford Environment as Related to Radioactive Waste Burial Grounds and Transuranium Waste Storage Facilities. ARH-ST-155, Atlantic Richfield Hanford Company, Richland, Washington. T. R. A. Eddy. 1985. Ground-Water Monitoring a t the Hanford Site, January-December 1984. PNL-5408, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington. DOE. S. Department of Energy. ERDA.

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