Psychology

Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, by Esa Itkonen

By Esa Itkonen

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Additional resources for Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, Cognitive Psychology and Philosophy of Science (Human Cognitive Processing, Volume 14)

Sample text

Analogy and metaphor; analogy and blend After several decades of general neglect by linguists (cf. 2), analogy is being rediscovered by representatives of cognitive linguistics. These recent developments deserve to be commented upon. 1–5, the discovery/invention of analogy may preliminarily be summed up as follows: . . an analogy is a mapping of knowledge from one domain (the base) into another (the target), which conveys that a system of relations that holds among the base objects also holds among the target objects.

The result is the same as in induction-1, except that this time the prediction is based on an (inductive) law. 28 (1616-1670) Analogy as Structure and Process It is important to realize that this same inference can also be interpreted as the general schema for (‘deductive-nomological’) explanation (for qualifications, see Stegmüller 1974: Ch. X). On this view, the entity c is edible because it is an apple, and because all apples are edible. This interpretation is somewhat strained, but not entirely unnatural.

Down’, and ‘front vs. back’ are expressed by means of units referring to the human body (cf. Heine et al. 1991: Ch. 5). e. in letting B acquire the properties of A. e. at t-1. The ambivalence of the metaphorical process could be clarified by noting that the target (= B) is temporally primary, as shown by implicit mapping, while the source (= A) is logically primary, as shown by explicit mapping. And then there must be at t-4 some sort of confirmation of the proposed solution. Thus, metaphorically speaking, there are three separate ‘movements’ between A and B.

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