Great Britain

Academic Patronage in the Scottish Enlightenment by James Hogg

By James Hogg

This booklet considers the ways that 388 males secured posts within the Scottish universities 1690-1806, from the purge following the Revolution of 1688 to the tip of Henry Dundas's political profession. such a lot professors have been political appointees vetted and supported through political factions and their leaders. This research considers the politics of patronage appointments on the universities in Glasgow, Edinburgh and St Andrews. The bettering schedule of political consumers and of these they served is taken into account and its relation to the Scottish Enlightenment is explored.Emerson argues that what was once taking place in Scotland was once additionally taking place in different components of Europe the place, in particularly self sustaining localities, elite buyers additionally formed issues as they needed them to be. In contemplating the origins and aid for the Enlightenment, the jobs of buyers could be thought of. This paintings is predicated on a lot archival examine and provides considerably to what's identified in regards to the Scottish professoriat through the interval. For a few its arguments might be of significance; for others it is going to function an invaluable reference paintings at the universities, one that provides a lot to what's identified approximately them.

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Skoczylas, Mr Simson’s Knotty Case, 2001, p. 42f. Montrose Papers, NAS, GD220/5/171/1, 171/6, 171/11; 198; 227; 323; 324; 339; 341; 351/5, 351/6; 382/7; 416; 620/9–10; 628/3; 220/5/1918/4. These citations and those in the following note are mainly to letters from Stirling to Montrose c. 1712–16. There was no diminution in the correspondence until near the end of the principal’s life. 3 42 29/2/08 08:25 Page 42 academic patronage in the scottish enlightenment professors William Anderson and John Loudoun also left extensive correspondences with Montrose.

The new men who replaced those whom the Visitors outed are an interesting lot. The new chancellor, John Carmichael, 2nd Baron Carmichael and 1st Earl of Hyndford (1638–1710), had been the chairman of the Visitation committee sent to Glasgow. 3 29/2/08 08:24 Glasgow University to 1701 Page 29 29 Council. Carmichael was active in the Kirk but not bloody-minded. In the General Assembly of 1690, he famously read, to an Assembly bent on revenge, the royal agenda set out in a message with which he seems to have agreed: We expect that your management shall be such as we shall have no reason to repent of what we have done.

Principal Stirling’s tenure saw the faculty expand and the revenues put on a better footing. 64 While he became unpopular with some of his colleagues within a very few years, and involved the University in turmoil and political infighting, some of that was forced on him by political opponents outside the College and by changed conditions in Scotland itself. Nevertheless, he was a willing political servant of the Duke on Montrose and the Squadrone interest throughout the period he served as principal.

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